Fishes constitutes the most diverse group of vertebrates with ca. 30,000 species described so far from the deep seas up to the alpine rivers. Aside of marine fishes sustaining nearly 200 billion USD annual value of fisheries worldwide, exploitation of freshwater fishes has drastically increased during the last decade as a consequence of the fast development of the tropical aquarium fish trade. As a matter of fact, many fish species have become endangered due to their unsustainable exploitation. Species are the essential unit of conservation and management plan, however, due to their high diversity and drastic phenotypic changes during their ontogeny, fish identification to the species level is not easy task.
Given their high economic value, a global campaign to DNA barcode all fishes has been launched in 2005 with the aim to constitute DNA barcode reference libraries for all extent fish species from the seas to the continental waters. While ca. 10,000 fish species have been barcoded and the benefit of using a universal system of identification has been readily demonstrated, it becomes evident that the inventory of the world ichthyofauna is far from comprehensive and calls for a new approach of species identification in conservation and management. The objective of this Topical Issue in DNA Barcodes journal is to provide a tribune to the FISH-BOL community in order to illustrate the state of the art in the DNA barcoding of fishes.
All kinds of contributions including research papers, reviews, perspectives and short notes are welcomed.
LIST OF TOPICAL ISSUE MANUSCRIPTS:
DNA barcoding increases resolution and changes structure in Canadian boreal shield lake food webs by Timothy J. Bartley, Heather E. Braid, Kevin S. McCann, Nigel P. Lester, Brian J. Shuter, Robert H. Hanner
An exploration of sufficient sampling effort to describe intraspecific DNA barcode haplotype diversity: examples from the ray-finned fishes (Chordata: Actinopterygii) by Jarrett D. Phillips, Rodger A. Gwiazdowski, Daniel Ashlock, Robert Hanner
Use of DNA barcode in the identification of fish species from Ribeira de Iguape Basin and coastal rivers from São Paulo State (Brazil) by Jefferson Monteiro Henriques, Guilherme José da Costa Silva, Fernando Yuldi Ashikaga, Robert Hanner, Fausto Foresti and Claudio Oliveira
Knodus moenkhausii (Characiformes: Characidae): one fish species, three hydrographic basinsa natural or anthropogenic phenomenon? by Camila da Silva de Souza, Claudio Oliveira, Luiz Henrique Garcia Pereira
DNA barcoding Indonesian freshwater fishes: challenges and prospects by Nicolas Hubert, Kadarusman, Arif Wibowo, Frédéric Busson, Domenico Caruso, Sri Sulandari, Nuna Nafiqoh, Laurent Pouyaud, Lukas Rüber, Jean-Christophe Avarre, Fabian Herder, Robert Hanner, Philippe Keith, Renny K. Hadiaty
Fishing for barcodes in the Torrent: from COI to complete mitogenomes on NGS platforms by Damien D. Hinsinger, Regis Debruyne, Maeva Thomas, Gaël P. J. Denys, Marion Mennesson, Jose Utge, Agnes Dettai
Adding nuclear rhodopsin data where mitochondrial COI indicates discrepancies – can this marker help to explain conflicts in cyprinids? by S. Behrens-Chapuis, F. Herder, H. R. Esmaeili, J. Freyhof, N. A. Hamidan, M. Ozuluğ, R. Šanda, M. F. Geiger